Pakistan is currently going through a period of massive population growth, and this development is driving most of the country’s environmental issues. Nearly 180 million people now live in Pakistan, which makes it the 6th most populous country in the world. Pakistan also has one of the highest population growth rates and based on estimates the population will double in 25 years.

This population size and growth rate threatens to overwhelm the country’s natural resources. While Pakistan is a highly agricultural society, much of its land is arid and water is already scarce in many parts of the country. Additionally, much of the water that is available is polluted, due to insufficient sewage systems.

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