PAKISTAN RAILWAY


There are many ways to get from one place to another, and there are many ways to travel, depend on cost, speed, comfort and safety.

The commonly used transports are buses, trains and planes. Planes are the most convenient way to travel from one city to another for his comfort and speed, but it’s not affordable for everyone.

Buses are cheap but they take more time and its travel is tiring especially for elders. Therefore, train travel is looking increasingly attractive because of affordable cost and speed.

There are two types of trains usually run, for passengers and second for freight for the transportation of goods.

In Pakistan a middle class person commonly used buses and trains to travel from one city to another. Pakistanis are preferred to travel in trains as its more safe and more joy able than road transports like buses, cars, vans etc.

Pakistan Railways provide an important mode of Transportation in the all major cities of the country.

It was way back on 13th May, 1861 when first railway line was opened for public between Karachi city and Kotri which cover distance of 105 miles. The line between Karachi City and Kiamari was opened on 16th June, 1889. By 1897 the line from Kiamari to Kotri was doubled.

At the time of partition, North Western Railways 1847 mile was transferred to India while 5048 miles to Pakistan. In 1954 the railway line was extended to Mardan and Charsada section. Kot Adu-Kashmore line was constructed between 1969 to 1973 that provide an alternate route from Karachi to other parts of the country.

Pakistan Railways is the national state-owned company, its headquarters located in Lahore, it has 7,791 km of track across Pakistan from Torkham to Karachi and operates freight and passenger service.

In 2014 the Ministry of Railways launched Pakistan Railways Vision 2026, which seeks to increase the company’s share of the transportation sector from 4 to 20 percent in China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) rail upgrade project.

In 1947 following independence, most of the North Western State Railway infrastructure was in Pakistani territory and was renamed the Pakistan Western Railway. In East Bengal, the portion of the Assam Bengal Railway in Pakistani territory was renamed the Pakistan Eastern Railway. The country adopted 8,122 kilometres (5,047 mi) of the North Western State Railway; 6,880 kilometres (4,280 mi) was 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in), 506 kilometres (314 mi) was metre gauge, and 736 kilometres (457 mi) was 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) narrow gauge.

From 1950 to 1955 the Mashriq-Maghreb Express operated from Koh-e-Taftan in West Pakistan to Chittagong in East Pakistan, using Indian tracks and rolling stock for a 1986-km (1245-mile) route between Attari and Benapole.

In 1954, a branch line was extended from the Karachi–Peshawar Railway Line to Mardan and Charsada. Two years later, the Jacobabad-Kashmore metre-gauge line was converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge. The Kot Adu-Kashmore section of the Kotri–Attock Railway Line was built from 1969 to 1973, providing an alternate route from Karachi to northern Pakistan.

In 1974, Pakistan Western Railways was renamed Pakistan Railways.

At the end, there is a good news for Karachiites, recently, the Supreme Court of Pakistan ordered authorities to take steps to immediately revive the Karachi Circular Railway (KCR) that is sus

pended since long.

The court ordered authorities to clear all railways tracks in the metropolis and encroachments on land owned by Pakistan Railways.

Experts say the revival of the Karachi Circular Railway (KCR) mass transit project could potentially serve millions of daily commuters,

 decongesting the often-jammed roads in the megalopolis. However, the long-pending plan has seen several hiccups over the years.

Karachi Circular Railway’s around 30km single-track will be wide-gauge railway, spanning 16 stations ─ starts from the Drigh Road Station on the Pakistan Railways main line and, after crossing Sharea Faisal short of Karachi airport, it passes through populated areas of Gulistan-i-Jauhar, Gulshan-i-Iqbal, Liaquatabad, Nazimabad, SITE, Baldia, Lyari, Kharadar, Mithadar and finally touches Karachi City Station.

SAAD BIN KHURRAM

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